OneWaSH case study – school WaSH in Oromia

In the second case study from the OneWaSH 2009EFY Annual Report, we look at school WaSH provision in Oromia.

Dire Nagaya is a second cycle primary school for children aged 11 to 14 years old in West Hararge, Oromia. There are 806 students at the school (476 male and 330 female) and 15 teachers, who previously shared just one latrine. As the latrine was shared by both male and female students and teachers, this resulted in considerable time spent queuing and the lack of privacy caused many girls to miss school in order to use the toilet at home. Furthermore, the latrine was unimproved which meant it was unhygienic and had no handwashing facilities. The school also had no water supply facility, and students spent a significant amount of time collecting water from the nearby unprotected river for drinking and cleaning classrooms. The lack of essential school WaSH facilities was both damaging to the health of students and disruptive to their education. The OWNP identified this school as a priority in the woreda and allocated approximately 443,500 ETB for the construction of two separate four-seat latrine blocks each for male and female students and a two-seat latrine block for teachers, all with handwashing and urinal facilities as per the national standard. The OWNP also provided a water supply facility to improve the school’s sanitation and hygiene situation. The programme constructed a 20 metre pipeline extension from an existing water source and installed a water point in the school compound for drinking and washing, for a total cost of 37,000 ETB.

As a result of this intervention, pupils and teachers have taken a greater interest in school WaSH, and have since started a school WaSH club through which the school is now focusing on how to effectively and sustainably manage the new WaSH facilities. Pupils and teachers now have clean and safe water for drinking, personal hygiene, cleaning and gardening. While there are not yet Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) facilities in place, girls now have sufficient water for their personal hygiene. School attendance will be monitored over the coming years, but the school has already reported improved attendance (particularly among female students) and hopes attendance and dropout rates will further improve following this intervention from the OWNP.